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ECO-BOMA : a climate-resilient model for Maasai steppe pastoralists

Oikos East Africa was the implementing partner of Istituto Oikos, during the 4-year life of the ECOBOMA project.

ECOBOMA, a Climate Resilient Model for Maasai Steppe Pastoralists was one of five projects, which fell under the European Union funded Global Climate Change Alliance. The project encompassed the EU eco-village approach, and made strides to increase and diversify incomes, and strengthen resilience and reduce vulnerability to climate change.

The targeted 2000 households are located in Arumeru District and depend on the ecosystem for their livelihoods, which are increasingly becoming threatened due to climate change. The project also contributed to Tanzania’s poverty reduction strategy and improving the livelihoods of communities. ECOBOMA was aligned with Sustainable Development Goal 13 (SDG 13) – CLIMATE ACTION

ECOBOMA targeted four main issues:

• Intense grazing and a decrease in suitable pastures

• Declining water points for humans and livestock

• Increased population within pastoral societies

• Poor information on the impact of climate change



  • Four earth dams were rehabilitated and their volume increased by 47,000 m3 and local communities were trained on improved water management.
  • Community-driven data collection to measure rangeland’s health and promote good rangeland management, production of ecological vulnerability maps for communities
  • Installation of three meteorological stations for installation in the project area
  • Establishment of around 200 ha of community forests
  • Training of 30 Village Game Scouts who patrol over 23,000 Ha, coordinated by the village government and in partnership with the District Game Officers.
  • 40,000 indigenous trees (e.g. Commiphora sp. and Euphorbia tirucalli) planted to fence and protect 110 bomas and four dams from wind, animal intrusion, and soil erosion
  • Construction of 20 biogas digesters to pro- duce cooking gas, reducing dramatically thedomestic use of firewood, a time consuming and environmentally damaging practice
  • 119 households have daylight thanks to ‘litre of light’ solar bottles installe
  • Skills development and creation of artisanal cooperatives of women and young men to tan leather (15 people) and cure/dry meat (168 people). In two years, the leather group sold leather products with a turnover of €11,000.00
  • Introduction and adoption of smart agriculture techniques for 60 household
  • Set up of two land use planning units (36 officers in total) in Arusha and Meru DC
  • Facilitation of the incorporation of climate change adaptation interventions in districts’ planning and budget
  • Involvement and capacitation of 150 Local Government Authorities at all level
  • Facilitation of five comprehensive village by- law packages for rangeland management and registration of two new Community Owned Water and Sanitation Organisations
  • 25 exchange visits, technical workshops and dissemination events organised involving Local Government Authorities, universities, journalists, students, teachers and the gen- eral public for a total of more than 135,000 individuals exposed to climate change knowledge
  • Capacity building for 13 livestock service providers (para veterinarians)
  • Scientific networks established with international and national experts to share the Eco-boma approach to rangeland’s conservation.
  • 4,600 pupils increased their knowledge on climate change and risk management
  • 85 knowledge products designed ensuring high visibility to GCCA Tanzania stakeholders